Assessment of Pyometra in Canines using Ultrasonography: A Mini Review
Author(s): Vishal Yadav, Shivali Khandelwal and Abhishek Joshi
Abstract: In adult intact female canines, pyometra is the most prevalent illness. It is characterized by the collection of inflammatory discharge in the uterine lumen and a variety of clinicopathological signs that may appear locally or systemically. It can be triggered by a chronic or acute suppurative infection caused by bacteria involving the uterus. During the luteal phase of the estrous cycle in adult female dogs, when there is a high progesterone level (leading the uterus to be highly sensitized), the disease is frequently observed. Progesterone is a crucial factor in the pathophysiology of pyometra. A case history, physical examination findings, and laboratory test outcomes, together with radiography or ultrasonography that shows an expanded uterus filled with fluid, are utilized to make a preliminary diagnosis of pyometra. Too late detection of pyometra, when renal damage has already progressed, can put the kidneys at risk of suffering damage that cannot be reversed. Despite having the potential to be fatal illnesses, sepsis and endotoxemia can induce additional dysfunctions in other organs. This is the case even though they both have potentially lethal effects. This communication describes an accurate approach for the qualitative and quantitative assessment, as well as the diagnosis, of canine pyometra utilizing ultrasonography as the testing method.
How to cite this article:
Vishal Yadav, Shivali Khandelwal, Abhishek Joshi. Assessment of Pyometra in Canines using Ultrasonography: A Mini Review. Int J Vet Sci Anim Husbandry 2023;8(4):222-223.