Successful treatment of bilateral exophthalmia due to theileriosis in a cattle calf
Author(s): Amit Kumar, Sandeep Saharan, Dinesh and Monika Rani
Abstract: A two-month-old female cattle calf was brought to the department with a history of bilateral bulging of eyeballs out of their sockets and inappetence for the last 10 days. A thorough clinical examination revealed a high temperature, enlarged prescapular lymph nodes, and bilateral exophthalmia with a dry cornea. A haematological examination revealed anaemia and on blood smear examination theileriosis was confirmed. Buparvaquone was injected into the calf intramuscularly at a dose rate of 2.5 mg/kg BW and repeated on the 6th day. Oxytetracycline @ 10 mg/kg BW intravenously and Meloxicam @ 0.3 mg/kg BW intramuscularly were administered once daily for five consecutive days. Nandrolone decanoate was injected intramuscularly at a total dose of 25 mg. Commercial preparation of vitamin A, E, D3, and biotin (Intavita-H® @ 1 ml) was injected intramuscularly at three-day intervals three times; Vitamin B complex (Tribivet® @ 3 ml) was also injected intramuscularly. Topical instillation of Ciplox® (ciprofloxacin) and Refresh tear® (Carboxy-methyl cellulose sodium) eye drops were recommended for 7 days. The animal had an uneventful recovery.