Efficacy of ethno veterinary medicine (Herbolact) in bovine mastitis
Author(s): Satish Kumar K, Ambica G and Isai Gautam
Abstract: Bovine mastitis is one of the globally known disorders where antimicrobial therapy is a common practice. Misuse of antibiotics both in humans and animals leading to antimicrobial resistance, thus tackling AMR is a global priority. 10 crossbred cattle with 23 affected quarters were selected for the present study. All these cattle showed similar manifestations like hard, hot, and painful swollen udder, with clots/blood in milk along with reduced quantity. Affected milk had a pH of <5 and SCC of >3,00,000. Staphylococcus and E. coli were the common bacteria that were isolated from the affected milk samples. Ethnoveterinary medicine Herbolact @ 20 g was applied thrice daily for 3-7 days (depending on the severity). Herbolact was thoroughly mixed with lukewarm water (100 ml) and applied all over the udder (affected quarters + all healthy quarters) with gentle massage. Following treatment for 4 days, improvement in clinical signs were recorded in 15/23 quarters with complete clinical recovery among the remaining 8 quarters that were severely affected also showed improvement by day 7. Culture negative was recorded in 14/23 samples on day 4 and whereas, completely negative among all the remaining samples were also recorded on day 7 of treatment.