Overview on epidemiological studies of bovine and equine diseases in India
Author(s): Mona Sharma, Rita Bharti and Anjali Devi
Abstract: India's most valuable resource is its livestock population. Farmers that raise livestock are almost entirely reliant on animals for a variety of reasons. India is one of the countries that has the greatest population of livestock in the world. In a similar vein, India has been cited as the source of numerous reports of diseases affecting livestock over the course of many years. Farmers are required to have an understanding of the various diseases that can affect bovine and equine animals. This will allow them to be aware of the etiology of the diseases as well as the pattern of disease transmission, allowing them to make the necessary preparations to prevent and control the diseases. Many diseases, including bovine rotaviral diarrhoea, bovine mastitis, bovine brucellosis, bovine herpes viral infection, and equine piroplasmosis and equine herpes viral infection, among others, are regularly reported from India. The purpose of this review is to provide an overview of the bovine and equine illnesses that are widespread in India from an epidemiological standpoint and to do so in a concise manner.