CONTACT: +91-9711224068
  • Printed Journal
  • Indexed Journal
  • Refereed Journal
  • Peer Reviewed Journal
International Journal of Veterinary Sciences and Animal Husbandry
Vol. 7, Issue 6, Part A (2022)

Predisposing risk factors to milk quality and safety in smallholder dairy enterprises in Kenya

Author(s): Alaru PAO, Shitandi AA, Mahungu SM and Muia JMK
Abstract: The unhygienic milk handling practices along the value chain predispose it to microbial and chemical contamination. This study aimed to investigate the on-farm practices related to animal health management and milk handling predisposing risk factors to milk quality and safety in Githunguri. A cross-sectional survey using a pre-tested questionnaire was administered to randomly selected smallholder dairy farmers (n= 457). Most farmers have enhanced standard measures for clean and safe milk production. However, a portion of them do not adhere to recommended practices such as screening workers for zoonotic diseases (82.8%), striping of milk for mastitis test (47.1%), teat dipping after milking (68%), feeding mouldy feeds to animals (35.2%) and observe withdrawal period after drugs administration (23.3%). The use of untreated water for sanitation and plastic containers for milk storage poses a threat to the quality and safety of milk. Furthermore, variations of farmers' demographic characteristics on milk collection routes influenced hygienic milk handling practices (p<0.05). Hence, a need to develop programmes to educate farmers on good agricultural practices, surveillance and control of hazards at the production level.
Pages: 04-10  |  26 Views  6 Downloads
How to cite this article:
Alaru PAO, Shitandi AA, Mahungu SM, Muia JMK. Predisposing risk factors to milk quality and safety in smallholder dairy enterprises in Kenya. Int J Vet Sci Anim Husbandry 2022;7(6):04-10. DOI: https://doi.org/10.22271/veterinary.2022.v7.i6a.446
Call for book chapter
Journals List Click Here Research Journals Research Journals
International Journal of Veterinary Sciences and Animal Husbandry