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International Journal of Veterinary Sciences and Animal Husbandry
Vol. 7, Issue 3, Part A (2022)

Study on prevalence of indigestible foreign bodies in rumen and reticulum of cattle slaughtered at Bedeno Woreda Municipal Abattoir, Eastern Ethiopia

Author(s): Mohammedkemal M Ame, Misra Usman AHA and Endela Mokria DVM and Mohammed Abdella DVM
Abstract: From October 2020 to April 2021, a cross-sectional study was undertaken at Bedeno Woreda Municipal Abattoir in Eastern Ethiopia with the goal of identifying and characterizing the prevalence of cattle indigestible rumen and reticulum foreign body, as well as its risk variables. This study included 384 cattle that were chosen at random. Prior to postmortem examination, an ante mortem examination was used to characterize a specific animal. A total of 154 (40.1%) of the 384 cattle evaluated were found to have indigestible foreign materials in their rumen and reticulum. Female cattle (54.4 percent) had a substantially greater prevalence of foreign bodies (2 = 25.817, p 0.05) than male cattle (29.0 percent). In terms of breed, the prevalence of foreign bodies was higher in cross breed (56.2 percent) animals than in local breed animals (38.6 percent). Poor (71.2 percent) had substantially more foreign bodies collected (2 = 69.138, p 0.05) than medium (52.9) and good (52.9). score for bodily condition (18). The results showed that age has a significant connection (2 = 40.626, p 0.05) within different age groups of animals for foreign bodies (21.4 percent in young, 40.8 percent in adult, and 70.3 percent in old). The rumen was shown to have a higher percentage of foreign bodies (78.0%) than the reticulum (10.1%), with the remaining percent present in both the rumen and the reticulum. Plastic (53.4%) was the most commonly found foreign material in the rumen, while metallic material (35.3%) was found in the reticulum. The findings of this study revealed that improper solid waste garbage disposal in habitats poses a considerable danger of animal and environmental damage. As a result, the responsible government and community should focus their efforts on preventing the problem from worsening.
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How to cite this article:
Mohammedkemal M Ame, Misra Usman AHA, Endela Mokria DVM, Mohammed Abdella DVM. Study on prevalence of indigestible foreign bodies in rumen and reticulum of cattle slaughtered at Bedeno Woreda Municipal Abattoir, Eastern Ethiopia. Int J Vet Sci Anim Husbandry 2022;7(3):01-05.
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