Prevalence and Burden of Fascioliasis in Sheep: A Neglected Tropical Parasitic Disease in Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria
Author(s): Ali Abba Gana Benisheikh, Aisha Adamu Dzivama, Fatima Maina Muhammad, Fatima Lawan Bukar, Hajjara Ibrahim Mustapha and Alhaji Umar Awana
Abstract: The study aims to record the prevalence and burden of some zoonotic parasites that served as etiologic agents to some Neglected Tropical parasitic Diseases (NTs) (Fascialiosis) in Maiduguri, Borno State during the period from January, 2017 to April, 2019. A total of 100 Sheeps were slaughtered in the Abattoir, and were examined for the presence of Fasciola species based on morphological and morphometric parameters. The physical inspection of the liver indicated that 46(46%) of the sheep were infected with fluke burden of 456. Among the 63 males examined 29(46.0%) had fluke burden of 305. whereas, 37 of the females examined 14(37.8%) had fluke burden of 100. Likewise, 88 Adult sheep infected 42.0% had 391 fluke burden, while 12 Young sheep were infected 50.0% had 65 fluke burden. Whereas among the breeds, 27 Uda were examined with 40.7% infected had a fluke burden of 186, while 33 Balami breeds examined with 66.7% infected had a fluke burden of 204 and 40 Yankasa examined with 25.0% infected had a fluke burden of 66 respectively. The identification of the Fasciola species was based on their morphometric sizes and predilection site revealed that Fasciola hepatica was identified as having a mean size of 2.0x3.0 mm with the liver as the predilection site. While Fasciola gigantica has 3.5x 4.0 mm after well pressed between two slides prior to measurement.
How to cite this article:
Ali Abba Gana Benisheikh, Aisha Adamu Dzivama, Fatima Maina Muhammad, Fatima Lawan Bukar, Hajjara Ibrahim Mustapha, Alhaji Umar Awana. Prevalence and Burden of Fascioliasis in Sheep: A Neglected Tropical Parasitic Disease in Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria. Int J Vet Sci Anim Husbandry 2020;5(1):39-41.