Participative modelling of a micro insurance scheme for African swine fever (ASF) in a peri-urban pig farming (PF) in Kinshasa, democratic republic of Congo (DRC)
Author(s): Alexandre Tona Tona, Roger Ntoto M’vubu, Freddy Okitayela Onawoma and Rostin Mabela Matendo
Abstract: A study was conducted using the active / accelerated participatory research method (APRM) on the public model of ASF risk management from the colonial era to the present day, with a view to identify their limits and propose a model for the future in Kinshasa, DRC. Fishery and livestock experts stated that the ASF was propagated using the SIR (Susceptible-Infested-Retired) model. The appearance of ASF presents a serious health risk in terms of PF productivities. This study identified two models. The first model, the colonial state one, supported the insurance premium ASF 100% while the second or current model from 1960 to the present day, the Congolese state supports the insurance premium ASF 0%. Small and large pig farmers use 100% self-insurance in case of ASF. At the provincial level in Kinshasa, an average pig people of 24% is swept away annually by the ASF and represents nearly 16,093 pigs or $ 4,224,237.50. Whereas at the level of a PF, the pig farmer loses all of his pigs. The 3 months growing pig premium is calculated taking into account its target point which is estimated at 75 kg. The parent premium is calculated over 5 years. Compensation for losses due to ASF is essential to eradicate ASF and allow the collaboration of pig farmers and communal health police. We recommend the model (90.10) for small pig farmers and (60.40) for large pig farmers. Small pig farmers are 84% of all pig production in Kinshasa, DRC. The National Insurance Company (NIC) is ready to create a micro insurance department to support small pig farmers.
How to cite this article:
Alexandre Tona Tona, Roger Ntoto M’vubu, Freddy Okitayela Onawoma, Rostin Mabela Matendo. Participative modelling of a micro insurance scheme for African swine fever (ASF) in a peri-urban pig farming (PF) in Kinshasa, democratic republic of Congo (DRC). Int J Vet Sci Anim Husbandry 2020;5(1):11-17.