Prevalence of bovine tuberculosis in and around Ambagiorgies town smallholder dairy farms and assessment of farm owner’s awareness about the disease, North Gondar, Ethiopia
Author(s): Bazezew Marshet
Abstract: A cross-sectional study was conducted from October, 2013 to May, 2014 on 60 smallholder dairy farms in and around Ambagiorgies town, North Gondar, Ethiopia, using comparative intradermal tuberculin skin testing (CIDT) and questionnaire survey to determine the prevalence of bovine tuberculosis and awareness of cattle owners about the disease. A significant variation in prevalence (P) was observed in regard to herd size (χ2= 26.6, P < 0.05); age group (χ2 = 11.47, P < 0.05); general management of the farm (χ2 = 5.16, p< 0.05) and reproductive status (χ2 = 10.9, P < 0.05). In contrast, statistically insignificant variations were observed among sex, breed, and year of duration of dairy operation. The questionnaire survey indicated that, only 13/60 (21.6%) of the respondents knew about bovine TB and its zoonotic nature, while 47/60 (78.3%) were not knew that cattle have tuberculosis. However, statistically insignificant (χ2 =1.071, P > 0.05) association was recorded between the presence of reactor cattle and history of human TB cases in a household. The fact that the history of human TB patients and reactor cattle were present in the same household suggests the transmission of mycobacterial species between cattle and their owners, while the awareness of these farmers about bovine TB and its transmission was generally poor. The current result underlines the importance of launching control strategy before the disease reaches its climax and pose great economic and public health hazard.
How to cite this article:
Bazezew Marshet. Prevalence of bovine tuberculosis in and around Ambagiorgies town smallholder dairy farms and assessment of farm owner’s awareness about the disease, North Gondar, Ethiopia. Int J Vet Sci Anim Husbandry 2018;3(4):37-43.