International Journal of Veterinary Sciences and Animal Husbandry
Vol. 1, Issue 6, Part A (2016)
Prevalence and antibiotic susceptibility of Salmonella isolates from meat swabs in Addis Ababa and Debrezeit, Ethiopia
Author(s): Shimels Tikuye Yalew, Desiye Tesfaye Tegegne, Yohannes Equar Messele, Bezina Arega Emeru, Gebremeskel Mamu Werid, Mosisa Dire, Shelema Kelbesa Bora
Abstract: A total of 288 meat swab samples were collected from abattoirs and were subjected to microbiological examination. Based on the microbiological examination Salmonella was wide spread with overall prevalence rate of 5.21% (n=15). Species-specific prevalence rate were found to be 5.56% (n=4) for bovine, 6.94% (n=5) caprine, 6.94 (n=5) ovine and 1.39% (n=1) chicken. There was no statistically significance difference (P.value =1.000 which was >0.05) on the prevalent of Salmonella among species. A total of 15 Salmonella isolates were tested for susceptibility to ampicillin, gentamycin, streptomycin, tetracyclin, sulphamethoxazole-trimethoprim and erythromycin antibiotic discs. The isolates were resistant to ampicillin (66.67%) and streptomycin (53.33%). Out of the 15 isolates tested, 8 (53.33%) isolates were multiple antibiotics resistant. The study indicates that meat samples were contaminated with Salmonella and were resistant to antibiotics. So, maintaining sanitation of meat, abattoir and premises and prudent use of antibiotics is recommended.
How to cite this article:
Shimels Tikuye Yalew, Desiye Tesfaye Tegegne, Yohannes Equar Messele, Bezina Arega Emeru, Gebremeskel Mamu Werid, Mosisa Dire, Shelema Kelbesa Bora. Prevalence and antibiotic susceptibility of Salmonella isolates from meat swabs in Addis Ababa and Debrezeit, Ethiopia. Int J Vet Sci Anim Husbandry 2016;1(6):07-11.