International Journal of Veterinary Sciences and Animal Husbandry
Vol. 4, Issue 4, Part A (2019)
Haemoparasitic infection and haematological indices of cattle slaughtered for sale in Calabar, Nigeria
Author(s): Imalele Edema Enogiomwan, Effanga Emmanuel Offiong and Usang Anok Ukam
Abstract: Due to economic losses to livestock producers caused by haemoparasitic infection, this study was conducted to determine the prevalence of haemoparasites and some haematological parameters of slaughtered trade cattle in Calabar abattoir. A total of 180 blood samples were randomly collected from cattle between May and October 2018. The samples were screened for haemoparasites by examining Giemsa stained thin blood films. Packed cell volume, haemoglobin concentration, total red blood cell counts and total white blood cell counts were determined using standard methods. An overall prevalence of 14(7.78%) was recorded for Anaplasma (2.22%) and Trypanosoma sp. (5.56%). Older cattle (10%) were more infected than younger Cattle (5%). There was significant difference (p<0.05) in mean packed cell volume (PCV) and mean corpuscular haemoglobin concentration (MCHC) counts between infected and un-infected slaughtered cattle. Haemoparasites are endemic in cattle populations in Calabar and the prevalence of haemoparasites may be associated with changes in PCV.
How to cite this article:
Imalele Edema Enogiomwan, Effanga Emmanuel Offiong and Usang Anok Ukam. Haemoparasitic infection and haematological indices of cattle slaughtered for sale in Calabar, Nigeria. International Journal of Veterinary Sciences and Animal Husbandry. 2019; 4(4): 07-11.